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What are the differences of Galvanized, Galvalume, Galvanneal?

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Steel is the core material of construction, but the base material can be confusing. While there are similarities between Galvanized, Galvalume, Galvanneal, there are also differences. Let's take a deep dive into the performance and usage differences of these metal-coated steel products!


What are the differences of Galvanized, Galvalume, Galvanneal?


Knowing the Differences of Galvanized, Galvalume, Galvanneal steel

Steel is the core material of construction, but the base material can be confusing. While there are similarities between Galvanized, Galvalume, Galvanneal, there are also differences. Let's take a deep dive into the performance and usage differences of these metal-coated steel products!


 

1. Galvanized steel

Galvanized-steel.jpg

Galvanized steel was invented and developed for commercial use in the first half of the 19th century, so it is nearly 200 years old. The substrate is coated with a thin layer (Z30-Z275 or G20-G90) of zinc. This protects the metal from rough parts that cause corrosion. Eventually, the zinc layer will discolor (corrode). While fading may sound like a problem, that's actually how coatings work. Zinc is basically sacrificing itself to stop the spread of rust! It is recommended that galvanized steel is commonly used in steel construction, cold rolled sheet metal, nuts, bolts, tools and various electrical wires. That's because it's an inexpensive process that helps extend the life of the metal.

 

2. Galvalume steel

Galvalume-steel.jpg

Bethlehem Steel developed the galvalume in 1972, so it has been in use for about 50 years. Galvalume is slightly different from galvanized metal. While galvalume is similar to galvanized steel, the substrate is glazed with both zinc and aluminum by a continuous hot-dip galvanized process. The alloy mix consists of 43.5% zinc and 55% aluminum (and a small amount of silicon, 1.5%). Galvalume combines the protective properties of zinc and aluminum for a stronger coating. Unlike galvanized steel, galvalume does not have a shiny finish. Although both galvalume and galvanized substrates are resistant to rust, galvalume is superior to galvanized steel for long-term protection.

 

In most residential steel roofing applications, including coastal areas, AZ150 galvalume steel will be better and more corrosion resistant than G-90 galvanized steel. Galvalume steel is best suited for prefabricated metal siding and standing seam metal roofing applications with hidden fasteners. However, the use of galvalume panels with exposed fastener steel roofing systems such as corrugated or ribbed steel roofs, or the use of galvalume steel on, in or around concrete or mortar should be avoided. Concrete and mortar are highly alkaline environments.


This video shows the surface of galvalume steel:

  


3. Galvanneal steel

Galvannel-steel.jpg

Galvanneal is very similar to a galvanized substrate in that it also only uses a zinc coating on steel. However, with electrogalvanizing, zinc reacts with iron to form a zinc-iron alloy. You will also notice that the galvanneal not shinny. In fact, galvanneal will produce a matte finish. Of the three substrates, galvanneal has the lowest corrosion resistance. But that doesn't make it less useful. Galvanneal is typically used on products that will be painted. Also, it is easier to weld than galvanized or galvanized. 

 

4. Galfan 

While galvanized, galvannel, and galvalume are the most common substrates in the column industry, galfan is another one worth mentioning. Galfan is the newest invention of these four substrates and is also the most corrosion resistant. Galfan's coating consists of 95% zinc and 5% aluminium. Like galvalume, galfan is a registered and patented trademark brand that can only be produced and sold by manufacturers licensed by the brand owner.


XINO STEEL METALLIC-COATED STEEL PRODUCTS



GALVANIZEDGALVANNEALGALVALUMEGALFAN
CoatingZinc on steelZinc on steel

Zinc reacts with Iron to from Zinc-Iron alloy
43.5% Zinc;
55% Aluminum; 1.5% Silicon
95% Zinc,
5% Aluminum
on steel
ApplicationDucting,
Roofing,
Household electrical appliances
Deep drawn automobile parts/outer panelsMetal buildings,
roofing
White goods/some automobile parts
Corrosion Resistance
(on a scale of 1 to 5)
3245
Spangle on SurfaceBig,
Regular,
Small,
Zero
No.Matte finish surfaceAs shown in the photoNo
MethodHot dipped continuous or Electro-galvanizedAnnealing after hot dipped galvanisingHot dipped continuousHot dipped continuous





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